version bump, comments, improve examples, update readme

refactor
Ondřej Hruška 3 years ago
parent cde08fe788
commit f8d5445cdc
Signed by: MightyPork
GPG Key ID: 2C5FD5035250423D
  1. 2
      Cargo.toml
  2. 40
      README.md
  3. 27
      examples/dog_list/main.rs
  4. 26
      examples/visit_counter/main.rs
  5. 65
      src/lib.rs

@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
[package]
name = "rocket_session"
version = "0.1.1"
version = "0.2.0"
authors = ["Ondřej Hruška <ondra@ondrovo.com>"]
edition = "2018"
license = "MIT"

@ -2,17 +2,38 @@
Adding cookie-based sessions to a rocket application is extremely simple with this crate.
Sessions are used to share data between related requests, such as user authentication, shopping basket,
form values that failed validation for re-filling, etc.
## Configuration
The implementation is generic to support any type as session data: a custom struct, `String`,
`HashMap`, or perhaps `serde_json::Value`. You're free to choose.
The session expiry time is configurable through the Fairing. When a session expires,
the data associated with it is dropped. All expired sessions may be cleared by calling `.remove_expired()`
on the `SessionStore`, which is be obtained in routes as `State<SessionStore>`, or from a
session instance by calling `.get_store()`.
The session lifetime, cookie name, and other parameters can be configured by calling chained
methods on the fairing. When a session expires, the data associated with it is dropped.
## Usage
To use session in a route, first make sure you have the fairing attached by calling
`rocket.attach(Session::fairing())` at start-up, and then add something like `session : Session`
to the parameter list of your route(s). Everything else--session init, expiration, cookie
management--is done for you behind the scenes.
The session cookie is currently hardcoded to "SESSID" and contains 16 random characters.
Session data is accessed in a closure run in the session context, using the `session.tap()`
method. This closure runs inside a per-session mutex, avoiding simultaneous mutation
from different requests. Try to *avoid lengthy operations inside the closure*,
as it effectively blocks any other request to session-enabled routes by the client.
## Basic Example
Every request to a session-enabled route extends the session's lifetime to the full
configured time (defaults to 1 hour). Automatic clean-up removes expired sessions to make sure
the session list does not waste memory.
## Examples
(More examples are in the examples folder)
### Basic Example
This simple example uses u64 as the session variable; note that it can be a struct, map, or anything else,
it just needs to implement `Send + Sync + Default`.
@ -28,7 +49,7 @@ pub type Session<'a> = rocket_session::Session<'a, u64>;
fn main() {
rocket::ignite()
.attach(Session::fairing(Duration::from_secs(3600)))
.attach(Session::fairing())
.mount("/", routes![index])
.launch();
}
@ -53,7 +74,10 @@ fn index(session: Session) -> String {
The `.tap()` method is powerful, but sometimes you may wish for something more convenient.
Here is an example of using a custom trait and the `json_dotpath` crate to implement
a polymorphic store based on serde serialization:
a polymorphic store based on serde serialization.
Note that this approach is prone to data races, since every method contains its own `.tap()`.
It may be safer to simply call the `.dot_*()` methods manually in one shared closure.
```rust
use serde_json::Value;

@ -2,9 +2,9 @@
#[macro_use]
extern crate rocket;
use rocket::request::Form;
use rocket::response::content::Html;
use rocket::response::Redirect;
use rocket::request::Form;
type Session<'a> = rocket_session::Session<'a, Vec<String>>;
@ -18,7 +18,8 @@ fn main() {
#[get("/")]
fn index(session: Session) -> Html<String> {
let mut page = String::new();
page.push_str(r#"
page.push_str(
r#"
<!DOCTYPE html>
<h1>My Dogs</h1>
@ -27,19 +28,25 @@ fn index(session: Session) -> Html<String> {
</form>
<ul>
"#);
"#,
);
session.tap(|sess| {
for (n, dog) in sess.iter().enumerate() {
page.push_str(&format!(r#"
page.push_str(&format!(
r#"
<li>&#x1F436; {} <a href="/remove/{}">Remove</a></li>
"#, dog, n));
"#,
dog, n
));
}
});
page.push_str(r#"
page.push_str(
r#"
</ul>
"#);
"#,
);
Html(page)
}
@ -49,8 +56,8 @@ struct AddForm {
name: String,
}
#[post("/add", data="<dog>")]
fn add(session: Session, dog : Form<AddForm>) -> Redirect {
#[post("/add", data = "<dog>")]
fn add(session: Session, dog: Form<AddForm>) -> Redirect {
session.tap(move |sess| {
sess.push(dog.into_inner().name);
});
@ -59,7 +66,7 @@ fn add(session: Session, dog : Form<AddForm>) -> Redirect {
}
#[get("/remove/<dog>")]
fn remove(session: Session, dog : usize) -> Redirect {
fn remove(session: Session, dog: usize) -> Redirect {
session.tap(|sess| {
if dog < sess.len() {
sess.remove(dog);

@ -6,8 +6,8 @@
#[macro_use]
extern crate rocket;
use std::time::Duration;
use rocket::response::content::Html;
use std::time::Duration;
#[derive(Default, Clone)]
struct SessionData {
@ -20,13 +20,14 @@ type Session<'a> = rocket_session::Session<'a, SessionData>;
fn main() {
rocket::ignite()
.attach(Session::fairing()
// 10 seconds of inactivity until session expires
// (wait 10s and refresh, the numbers will reset)
.with_lifetime(Duration::from_secs(10))
// custom cookie name and length
.with_cookie_name("my_cookie")
.with_cookie_len(20)
.attach(
Session::fairing()
// 10 seconds of inactivity until session expires
// (wait 10s and refresh, the numbers will reset)
.with_lifetime(Duration::from_secs(10))
// custom cookie name and length
.with_cookie_name("my_cookie")
.with_cookie_len(20),
)
.mount("/", routes![index, about])
.launch();
@ -41,14 +42,14 @@ fn index(session: Session) -> Html<String> {
session.tap(|sess| {
sess.visits1 += 1;
Html(format!(r##"
Html(format!(
r##"
<!DOCTYPE html>
<h1>Home</h1>
<a href="/">Refresh</a> &bull; <a href="/about/">go to About</a>
<p>Visits: home {}, about {}</p>
"##,
sess.visits1,
sess.visits2
sess.visits1, sess.visits2
))
})
}
@ -61,7 +62,8 @@ fn about(session: Session) -> Html<String> {
sess.visits2
});
Html(format!(r##"
Html(format!(
r##"
<!DOCTYPE html>
<h1>About</h1>
<a href="/about">Refresh</a> &bull; <a href="/">go home</a>

@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
use parking_lot::{RwLock, RwLockUpgradableReadGuard, Mutex};
use parking_lot::{Mutex, RwLock, RwLockUpgradableReadGuard};
use rand::Rng;
use rocket::{
@ -8,18 +8,18 @@ use rocket::{
Outcome, Request, Response, Rocket, State,
};
use std::borrow::Cow;
use std::collections::HashMap;
use std::fmt::{self, Display, Formatter};
use std::marker::PhantomData;
use std::ops::Add;
use std::time::{Duration, Instant};
use std::borrow::Cow;
use std::fmt::{Display, Formatter, self};
/// Session store (shared state)
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct SessionStore<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
/// The internally mutable map of sessions
inner: RwLock<StoreInner<D>>,
@ -54,15 +54,17 @@ impl Default for SessionConfig {
/// Mutable object stored inside SessionStore behind a RwLock
#[derive(Debug)]
struct StoreInner<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default {
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
sessions: HashMap<String, Mutex<SessionInstance<D>>>,
last_expiry_sweep: Instant,
}
impl<D> Default for StoreInner<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default {
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
fn default() -> Self {
Self {
sessions: Default::default(),
@ -75,8 +77,8 @@ impl<D> Default for StoreInner<D>
/// Session, as stored in the sessions store
#[derive(Debug)]
struct SessionInstance<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
/// Data object
data: D,
@ -108,8 +110,8 @@ impl Display for SessionID {
/// when a `Session` is prepared for one of the route functions.
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct Session<'a, D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
/// The shared state reference
store: State<'a, SessionStore<D>>,
@ -118,8 +120,8 @@ pub struct Session<'a, D>
}
impl<'a, 'r, D> FromRequest<'a, 'r> for Session<'a, D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
type Error = ();
@ -138,7 +140,8 @@ impl<'a, 'r, D> FromRequest<'a, 'r> for Session<'a, D>
let expires = Instant::now().add(store.config.lifespan);
if let Some(m) = id.as_ref()
if let Some(m) = id
.as_ref()
.and_then(|token| store_ug.sessions.get(token.as_str()))
{
// --- ID obtained from a cookie && session found in the store ---
@ -166,8 +169,7 @@ impl<'a, 'r, D> FromRequest<'a, 'r> for Session<'a, D>
// Throttle by lifespan - e.g. sweep every hour
if store_wg.last_expiry_sweep.elapsed() > store.config.lifespan {
let now = Instant::now();
store_wg.sessions
.retain(|_k, v| v.lock().expires > now);
store_wg.sessions.retain(|_k, v| v.lock().expires > now);
store_wg.last_expiry_sweep = now;
}
@ -201,8 +203,8 @@ impl<'a, 'r, D> FromRequest<'a, 'r> for Session<'a, D>
}
impl<'a, D> Session<'a, D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
/// Create the session fairing.
///
@ -231,7 +233,9 @@ impl<'a, D> Session<'a, D>
// Unlock the session's mutex.
// Expiry was checked and prolonged at the beginning of the request
let mut instance = store_rg.sessions.get(self.id.as_str())
let mut instance = store_rg
.sessions
.get(self.id.as_str())
.expect("Session data unexpectedly missing")
.lock();
@ -242,16 +246,16 @@ impl<'a, D> Session<'a, D>
/// Fairing struct
#[derive(Default)]
pub struct SessionFairing<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
config: SessionConfig,
phantom: PhantomData<D>,
}
impl<D> SessionFairing<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
fn new() -> Self {
Self::default()
@ -291,8 +295,8 @@ impl<D> SessionFairing<D>
}
impl<D> Fairing for SessionFairing<D>
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
where
D: 'static + Sync + Send + Default,
{
fn info(&self) -> Info {
Info {
@ -314,8 +318,11 @@ impl<D> Fairing for SessionFairing<D>
let session = request.local_cache(|| SessionID("".to_string()));
if !session.0.is_empty() {
response.adjoin_header(Cookie::build(self.config.cookie_name.clone(), session.to_string())
.path("/").finish());
response.adjoin_header(
Cookie::build(self.config.cookie_name.clone(), session.to_string())
.path("/")
.finish(),
);
}
}
}

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